Allsen, Thomas. 2019. The Steppe and the Sea: Pearls in the Mongol Empire. University of Pennsylvania Press (Encounters With Asia Series).
Caron, Jean-François, ed. 2019. Kazakhstan and the Soviet Legacy: Between Continuity and Rupture. Palgrave Macmillan.
Drieu, Cloé. 2019. Cinema, Nation, and Empire in Uzbekistan 1919 – 1937. Indiana University Press.
Foltz, Richard. 2019. A History of the Tajiks: Iranians of the East. Bloomsbury Press.
Green, Nile, ed. 2019. The Persianate World: The Frontiers of a Eurasian Lingua Franca. University of California Press.
Isaacs, Rico and Alessandro Frigerio, eds. 2019. Theorizing Central Asian Politics: The State, Ideology, and Power. Palgrave MacMillan.
King, Matthew. 2019. Ocean of Milk, Ocean of Blood: A Mongolian Monk in the Ruins of the Qing Empire. Columbia University Press.
Yang, Liang, et.al. eds. 2019. Socio-Environmental Dynamics along the Historical Silk Road. Springer.
Anooshahr, Ali. 2018. Turkestan and the Rise of Eurasian Empires: A Study of Politics and Invented Traditions. Oxford University Press.
Balci, Bayram. 2018. Islam in Central Asia and the Caucasus Since the Fall of the Soviet Union. London: Hurst Publishers.
Beben, Daniel and Daryoush Mohammad Poor. The First Aga Khan: Memoirs of the 46th Ismaili Imam. Bloomsbury (I.B. Tauris).
Benjamin, Craig. Empires of Ancient Eurasia: The First Silk Roads Era 100 BCE – 250 CE. Cambridge University Press.
Breyfogle, Nicholas B. 2018. Eurasian Environments: Nature and Ecology in Imperial Russian and Soviet History. The University of Pittsburgh Press.
Broadridge, Anne F. 2018. Women and the Making of the Mongol Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cameron, Sarah. 2018. The Hungry Steppe: Famine, Violence, and the Making of Soviet Kazakhstan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Christian, David. 2018. A History of Russia, Central Asia, and Mongolia, Volume II: Inner Eurasia from the Mongol Empire to Today, 1260 – 2000. Wiley Blackwell.
Clement, Victora. 2018. Learning to Become Turkmen: Literacy, Language, and Power 1914-2014. University of Pittsburgh Press.
Dagiev, Dagikhudo and Carole Faucher. 2018. Identity, History, and Trans-nationality in Eurasia. Routledge.
Darieva, Tsypylma, Florian Mühlfriend, and Kevin Tuite, eds. 2018. Sacred Spaces, Emerging Places: Religious Pluralism in the Post-Soviet Caucasus. Oxford: Berghahn Books.
DeWeese, Devin, and Joanna Gross, eds. 2018. Sufism in Central Asia: New Perspectives on Sufi Traditions, 15th-21st Centuries. Brill Academic Publishers.
Eden, Jeff. 2018. Warrior Saints of the Silk Road. Leiden: Brill.
Eden, Jeff. 2018. Slavery and Empire in Central Asia. Cambridge University Press.
Feldman, Leah M. On the Threshold of Eurasia: Revolutionary Poetics in the Caucasus. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Gatling, Benjamin. 2018. Expressions of Sufi Culture in Tajikistan. University of Wisconsin Press.
Isaacs, Rico. 2018. Film and Identity in Kazakhstan: Soviet and Post-Soviet Culture in Central Asia. London: I.B. Tauris (Bloomsbury).
Kalinovsky, Artemy M. 2018. Laboratory of Socialist Development: Cold War Politics and Decolonization in Soviet Tajikistan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Kalra, Prajakti. 2018. The Silk Road and the Political Economy of the Mongol Empire. London: Routledge.
Kindler, Robert. 2018. Stalin’s Nomads: Power and Famine in Kazakhstan. University of Pittsburgh Press.
Kinsley, Judd C. 2018. Natural Resources and the New Frontier: Reconstructing China’s Borderlands. University of Chicago Press.
Koch, Natalie. 2018. The Geopolitics of Spectacle: Space, Synecdoche, and the New Capitals of Asia. Cornell University Press.
Laruelle, Marlene, ed. 2018. Being Muslim in Central Asia: Practices, Politics, and Identities. London: Brill.
Laruelle, Marlene, ed. 2018. Tajikistan on the Move. Statebuilding and Societal Transformations. Lexington Books.
Lemon, Ed, ed. 2018. Critical Approaches to Security in Central Asia. Routledge.
Lilley, Jeff. 2018. Have the Mountains Fallen?: Two Journeys of Loss and Redemption in the Cold War. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Marat, Erica. 2018. The Politics of Police Reform: Society Against the State in Post-Soviet Countries. Oxford University Press.
Ohanyen, Anna, ed. (fc). Russia Abroad: Driving Regional Fracture in Post-Communist Eurasia and Beyond. Georgetown University Press.
Owen, Catherine, Shairbek Juraev, et. al., eds. 2018. Interrogating Illiberal Peace in Eurasia: Critical Perspectives on Peace and Conflict. London: Rowman and Littlefield.
Rubin, Dominic. 2018. Russia’s Muslim Heartlands: Islam in the Putin Era. London: Hurst.
Sadyrbek, Mahabat. 2018. Legal Pluralism in Central Asia: Local Jurisdiction and Customary Practices. Routledge.
Schluessel, Eric T. 2018. An Introduction to Chaghatay: A Graded Textbook for Reading Central Asian Sources. Ann Arbor: Maize Books.
Sharipova, Dina. 2018. State-building in Kazakhstan: Continuity and Transformation of Informal Institutions. Lanham: Lexington Books.
Sharshenova, Aijan. 2018. The European Union’s Democracy Promotion in Central Asia. Ibidem (Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Society series).
Sneath, David. 2018. Mongolia Remade: Post-Socialist National Culture, Political Economy, and Cosmopolitics. Amsterdam University Press.
Spaiser, Olga Alinda. 2018. The European Union’s Influence in Central Asia. Lexington Books.
Stephan-Emmrich, Manja and Philipp Schröder, eds. Mobilities, Boundaries, and Travelling Ideas: Rethinking Translocality Beyond Central Asia and the Caucasus. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers, 2018.
Sultanova, Razia and Megan Rancier, eds. 2018. Turkic Soundscapes: From Shamanic Voices to Hip Hop. London: Routledge.
Thibault, Helene. 2018. Transforming Tajikistan: State-Building and Islam in Post-Soviet Central Asia. London: I.B. Tauris.
Thomas, Alun. 2018. Nomads and Soviet Rule: Central Asia Under Lenin and Stalin. I.B. Tauris.
Tlostanova, Madina. 2018. What Does it Mean to Be Post-Soviet? Decolonial Art from the Ruins of Soviet Empire. Durham: Duke University Press.
Toktomushev, Kemel. 2018. Kyrgyzstan: Regime Security and Foreign Policy. Routledge.
Ubiria, Grigol. 2018. Soviet Nation-Building in Central Asia: The Making of the Kazakh and Uzbek Nations. Routledge.
Wang, Jinping. 2018. In the Wake of the Mongols: The Making of a New Social Order in North China, 1200-1600. Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series 116.
Wang, Penglin. 2018. Linguistic Mysteries of Ethnonyms in Inner Asia. Lanham: Lexington Books.
Ahrens, Joachim and Herman W. Hoen. Institutional Reform in Central Asia: Politico-Economic Challenges. Routledge.
Bloch, Alexia. 2017. Sex, Love, and Migration: Postsocialism, Modernity, and Intimacy from Istanbul to the Arctic. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Bustanov, Alfrid K. 2017. Soviet Orientalism and the Creation of Central Asian Nations. Routledge.
Campbell, Ian. 2017. Knowledge and the Ends of Empire: Kazakh Intermediaries and Russian Rule on the Steppe 1731-1917. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Chang, Claudia. 2017. Rethinking Prehistoric Central Asia: Shepards, Farmers, and Nomads. CRC Press.
Cooley, Alexander and John Heathershaw, eds. 2017. Dictators Without Borders: Power and Money in Central Asia. Yale University Press.
Dadabaev, Timur and Hisao Komatsu, eds. 2017. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan: Life and Politics during the Soviet Era. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Dubuisson, Eva-Marie. 2017. Living Language in Kazakhstan: The Dialogic Emergence of an Ancestral Worldview. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Heathershaw, John and Edward Schatz, eds. 2017. Paradox of Power: The Logics of State Weakness in Eurasia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Isaacs, Rico. 2017. Party System Formation in Kazakhstan: Between Formal and Informal Practices. Routledge.
Ismailbekova, Aksana. 2017. Blood Ties and the Native Son: Poetics of Patronage in Kyrgyzstan. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Jones, Pauline, ed. 2017. Islam, Society, and Politics in Central Asia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Kim, Oksana. 2017. The Effects and Implications and Kazakhstan’s Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards. Ibidem (Soviet and Post Soviet Politics series).
Kudaibergenova, Diana. 2017. Rewriting the Nation in Modern Kazakh Literature. Lanham: Lexington Books.
Laruelle, Marlene, ed. 2017. Constructing the Uzbek State: Narratives of Post-Soviet Years. Lanham: Lexington Books.
Laruelle, Marlene, ed. 2017. The Central Asia – Afghanistan Relationship: From Soviet Intervention to the Silk Road Initiatives. Rowman & Littlefield (Lexington Books Series).
Levi, Scott C. 2017. The Rise and Fall of Khoqand, 1709-1876: Central Asia in the Global Age. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
McBrien, Julie. 2017. From Belonging to Belief: Modern Secularisms and the Construction of Religion in Kyrgyzstan. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Megoran, Nick. 2017. Nationalism in Central Asia: A Biography of the Uzbekistan-Kyrgyzstan Boundary. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Mostowlansky, Till. 2017. Azan on the Moon: Entangling Modernity Along Tajikistan’s Pamir Highway. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Obertreis, J. 2017. Imperial desert dreams. Cotton growing and irrigation in Central Asia, 1860-1991. Göttingen: V&R Unipress.
Pelkmans, Mathijs. 2017. Fragile Conviction: Changing Ideological Landscapes in Urban Kyrgyzstan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Sarkisova, Oksana. 2017. Screening Soviet Nationalities: Kulturfilms from the Far North to Central Asia. London: I.B. Tauris.
Spector, Regine A. 2017. Order at the Bazaar: Power and Trade in Central Asia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Tasar, Eren. 2017. Soviet and Muslim: The Institutionalization of Islam in Central Asia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Vacca, Alison. 2017.Non-Muslim Provinces under Early Islam: Islamic Rule and Iranian Legitimacy in Armenia and Caucasian Albania. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Yesim, Garifolla. 2017. The Agony of Socialism: Kazakh Memoirs of the Soviet Past. Asia Research Associates.
Zakharov, Nikolay and Ian Law, eds. 2017. Post-Soviet Racisms (Mapping Global Racisms). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Beyer, Judith. 2016. The Force of Custom: Law and the Ordering of Everyday Life in Kyrgyzstan. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Brophy, David. 2016. Uyghur Nation: Reform and Revolution on the Russia-China Frontier. President and Fellows of Harvard College.
Cliff, Tom. 2016. Oil and Water: Being Han in Beijing. The University of Chicago Press.
Dadabaev, Timur. 2016. Japan in Central Asia. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Engvall, Johan. 2016. The State as Investment Market: Kyrgyzstan in Comparative Perspective. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Epkenhans, Timothy. 2016. The Origins of the War in Tajikistan: Nationalism, Islamism, and Violent Conflict in Post-Soviet Space. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.
Feaux de la Croix, Jeanne. 2016. Iconic Places in Central Asia: The Moral Geography of Dams, Pastures, and Holy Sites. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag.
Jacobs, Justin. 2016. Xinjiang and the Modern Chinese State. University of Washington Press.
Kassymbekova, Botakoz. 2016. Despite Cultures: Early Soviet Rule in Tajikistan. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Laruelle, Marlene and Ulan Bigozhin, eds. 2016. Kazakhstan in the Making: Legitimacy, Symbols, and Social Changes. Lanham: Lexington Books.
Lazszkowski, Mateusz. 2016. City of the Future: Built Space, Modernity, and Urban Change in Astana. New York: Berghahn Books.
Levi-Sanchez, Suzanne. 2016. The Afghan-Central Asia Borderland: The State and Local Leaders. Routledge.
Levin, Theodore, Saida Daukeyeva, and The Music of Central Asia. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.2016.
Mardsen, Magnus. 2016. Trading Worlds: Afghan Merchants Across Modern Frontiers. London: C. Hurst and Co.
Montgomery, David. 2016. Practicing Islam: Knowledge, Experience, and Social Navigation in Kyrgyzstan. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Murtazashvili, Jennifer Brick. 2016. Informal Order and the State in Afghanistan. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Noda, Jin. 2016. The Kazakh Khanates Between the Russian and Qing Empires: Central Eurasian International Relations During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Brill (Islamic Area Studies Series).
Nunan, Timothy. 2016. Humanitarian Invasion: Global Development in Cold War Afghanistan. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sablin, Ivan. 2016. Governing Post-Imperial Siberia and Mongolia, 1911-1924: Buddhism, Socialism and Nationalism in State and Autonomy Building. New York: Routledge.
Saikal, Amin and Kirill Nourzhanov. 2016. Afghanistan and Its Neighbors After the NATO Withdrawal. Rowman & Littlefield (Lexington Books Series).
Scott, Erik R. 2016. Familiar Strangers: The Georgian Diaspora and the Evolution of Soviet Empire. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sengupta, Anita, ed. 2016. Symbols and the Image of of the State in Eurasia. Singapore: Springer.
Steinwedel, Charles. Threads of Empire: Loyalty and Tsarist Authority in Bashkiria, 1552-1917. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Teichmann, Christian. 2016. Macht der Unordnung: Stalins Herrschaft in Zentralasien 1920-1950. Hamburg: Verlag des Hamburger Instituts für Sozialforschung.
Abashin, Sergey. 2015. Sovietskii Kishlak: mezhdu kolonializmom i modernizatsiei. Moscow: Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie.
Bassin, Mark, Sergey Glebov, and Marlene Laruelle, eds. 2015. Between Europe and Asia: The Origins, Theories, and Legacies of Russian Eurasianism. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Billaud, Julie. 2015. Kabul Carnival: Gender Politics in Postwar Afghanistan. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Dadabaev, Timur. 2015. Identity and Memory in Post-Soviet Central Asia. Oxon: Routledge.
Khalid, Adeeb. 2015. Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Laruelle, Marlene and Johan Engvall, eds. 2015. Kyrgyzstan beyond “Democracy Island and “Failing State”: Social and Political Changes in a Post-Soviet Society. Lanham: Lexington Books.
Merchant, Tanya. 2015. Women Musicians of Uzbekistan: From Courtyard to Conservatory. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Zakharov, Nikolay. 2015. Race and Racism in Russia (Mapping Global Racisms). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Cooley, Alexander. 2014. Great Game, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest in Central Asia. Oxford University Press.
Geiss, Paul Georg. Pre-Tsarist and Tsarist Central Asia: Communal Commitment and Political Order in Change. Routledge.
Kindler, Robert. 2014. Stalins Nomaden. Herrschaft und Hunger in Kasachstan. Hamburg: Hamburger Edition.
Omelicheva, Mariya Y. 2014. Counterterrorism Policies in Central Asia. Routledge.
Reeves, Madeleine. 2014. Borderwork: Spatial Lives of the State in Rural Central Asia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Reeves, Madeleine, Johan Rasanayagam, and Judith Beyer, eds. 2014. Ethnographies of the State in Central Asia: Performing Politics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Thum, Rian. 2014. The Sacred Routes of Uighur History. President and Fellows of Harvard College: Harvard University Press.
Sunderland, William. 2014. The Baron’s Cloak: A History of the Russian Empire in War and Revolution. Cornell University Press.
Wooden, Amanda and Christian Stefes. 2014. The Politics of Transition in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Routledge.
Akyildiz, Sevket, and Richard Carlson, eds. Social and Cultural Change in Central Asia. Taylor & Francis.
Bernstein, Anya. 2013. Religious Bodies Politic: Rituals of Sovereignty in Buryat Buddhism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Buyandelger, Manduhai. 2013. Tragic Spirits: Shamanism, Memory, and Gender in Contemporary Mongolia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kirmse, Stefan B. Youth and Globalization in Central Asia. Everyday Life between Religion, Media, and International Donors. Frankfurt and New York, 2013.
Markowitz, Lawrence. State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2013.
Millward, James. The Silk Road: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Moon, David. 2013. The Plough that Broke the Steppes: Agriculture and Environment on Russia’s Grasslands, 1700 – 1914. Oxford University Press.
Northrop, Douglas. An Imperial World: Empires and Colonies Since 1750. Pearson, “Connections” Series in World History, 2013.
Piancola, Niccolò and Paolo Sartori, eds. Islam, society and states across the Qazaq Steppe (18th – early 20th centuries). Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Beckwith, Christopher. Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012.
Esengul, Chinara, Baglan Mamaev and Natalia Yefimova-Trilling. Youth and Public Policy in Kyrgyzstan. New York: Demokratie & Dialog, 2012.
Brunn, Stanley, Stanley Toops and Richard Gilbreath. The Routledge Atlas of Central Eurasian Affairs. London: Routledge, 2012.
Igmen, Ali. 2012. Speaking Soviet With an Accent: Culture and Power in Kyrgyzstan. University of Pittsburgh Press.
Liu, Morgan. 2012. Under Solomon’s Throne: Uzbek Visions of Renewal in Osh. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Swancutt, Katie. 2012. Fortune and the Cursed: The Sliding Scale of Time in Mongolian Divination. Oxford: Berghahn Books.
Tranum, Sam. Life at the Edge of the Empire: Oral Histories of Soviet Kyrgyzstan. 2nd ed. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Williams, Brian Glyn. Afghanistan Declassified: A Guide to America’s Longest War. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012.
Coburn, Noah. 2011. Bazaar Politics: Power and Pottery in an Afghan Town. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
McGlinchey, Eric. Chaos, Violence, Dynasty: Politics and Islam in Central Asia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2011. [2012 Book Prize Nominee]
Pedersen, Morton Axel. Not Quite Shamans: Spirit Worlds and Political Lives in Northern Mongolia. London: Cornell University Press, 2011. [2012 Book Prize Nominee]
Sultanova, Razia. 2011. From Shamanism to Sufism: Women, Islam, and Culture in Central Asia. London: I.B. Tauris.
Tolz, Vera. 2011. Russia’s Own Orient: The Politics of Identity and Oriental Studies in the Late Imperial and Early Soviet Periods. Oxford University Press.
Bovingdon, Gardener. 2010. The Uyghurs: Strangers in Their Own Land. New York: Columbia University Press.
Bulag, Uradyn E. 2010. Collaborative Nationalism: The Politics of Friendship on China’s Mongolian Frontier. Rowman and Littlefield.
Canfield, Robert and Gabriele Rasuly-Paleczek. Ethnicity, Authority, and Power in Central Asia. Routledge.
Gullette, David. 2010. The Genealogical Construction of the Kyrgyz Republic. (U.K.): Brill, Global Oriental.
Luong, Pauline Jones, and Erika Weinthal. Oil Is Not a Curse: Ownership Structure and Institutions in Soviet Successor States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. [2012 Book Prize Nominee]
Radnitz, Scott. Weapons of the Wealthy: Predatory Regimes and Elite-Led Protests in Central Asia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2010. [2012 Book Prize Nominee]
Rasanayagam, Johan. Islam in Post-Soviet Uzbekistan: The Morality of Experience. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. [Winner, 2012 Book Prize]
Stronski, Paul. Tashkent – Forging a Soviet City 1930-1966. The University of Pittsburgh Press.
Trevisani, Tommaso. Land and Power in Khorezm: Farms, Communities, and the State in Uzbekistan’s Decollectivization. Münster: LIT Verlag, 2010. [2012 Book Prize Nominee]
Grant, Bruce. 2009. The Captive and the Gift: Cultural Histories of Sovereignty in Russia and the Caucasus. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Levi, Scott and Ron Sela. Islamic Central Asia: An Anthology of Historical Sources. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009.
Marat, Erica. 2009. The Military and the State in Central Asia: From Red Army to Independence. Routledge: Taylor & Francis.
Wooden, Amanda and Christoph Stefes (eds.). The Politics of Transition in Central Asia and the Caucasus: Enduring Legacies and Emerging Challenges. Abingdon: Routledge, 2009.
2008 and prior
Gammer, Moshe. The Lone Wolf and the Bear: Three Centuries of Chechen Defiance of Russian Rule. London: C. Hurst & Company, 2006.
Kamp, Marianne. The New Women in Uzbekistan: Islam, Modernity, and Unveiling under Communism. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2006.
Louw, Maria E. 2007. Everyday Islam in Post-Soviet Central Asia. London: Frank Cass Publishers.
Martin, Virginia. Law and Custom in the Steppe: The Kazakhs of the Middle Horde and Russian Colonialism in the Nineteenth Century. Richmond: Curzon Press, 2001.
Morrison, Alexander. 2008. Russian Rule in Samarkand, 1868-1910: A Comparison with British India. Oxford University Press.
Northrop, Douglas. Veiled Empire: Gender and Power in Stalinist Central Asia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004.
Sahadeo, Jeff. Russian Colonial Society in Tashkent, 1865-1923. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2007.
Sahadeo, Jeff and Russell Zanca, eds. 2007. Everyday Life in Central Asia: Past and Present. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Schatz, Edward. Modern Clan Politics: The Power of ‘Blood’ in Kazakhstan and Beyond. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2004.
Williams, Brian Glyn. The Crimean Tatars: The Diaspora Experience and the Forging of a Nation. Leiden: Brill, 2001.
Uyama, Tomohiko (ed.). Empire, Islam, and Politics in Central Eurasia. Slavic Eurasian Studies, no. 14. Sapporo: Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University, 2007.